Amelioration of Excessive Work HoursIn the Japanese government, "health damage due to overwork" has been actively discussed. The rise of this discussion is not an exaggeration to say that triggered by the "new employee suicide for overwork" (2015) in a major advertising agency. And it is expected that a new rule will be added such as "at most of 60 hours of monthly average overtime work under whatever employment contract", within the next one or two years.
In companies and government agencies where work hours are over 220 hours a month persistently, it may be necessary to take various actions, such as "drastic review of business processes" and "consideration of adopting of deemed hours worked system".
Reference) Labor Standards Act of Japan
- Employers shall not have Workers work more than 40 hours per week, excluding rest periods.
- Employers shall not have Workers work more than 8 hours per day for each day of the week, excluding rest periods.
Learning by implicit instruction is also included to hours workedCertainly, it is true that there are people who think "want to work more for learning and experience" (staying in the office) with a pure heart.
Today, however, "learning necessary for work" is also defined as working hours. Given the fact that the case of trying to disguise the working hours as short as possible by letting workers to report as "self-development" or "private information gathering", this guidelines may be "unavoidable".
Common recognition within the team about working hoursHours worked is defined as "time that a worker is objectively evaluated as being placed under command of the employer".
However, taking into consideration the situation as described above, it is very effective to once again discuss the common perception of each department of each company regarding "how to measure working hours concretely".
For example, not only "preparation of materials" at home but also "learning of technology trends" should be measured as working hours. However, on the other hand, if a server administrator who is required to confirm the latest security trends, included the time for "checking the Web for information" and "subscribing to the email newsletter", all the awaking time could be the hours worked.