Draw a "Bill Deliberation Process" of the National Diet in a Business Flow Diagrams!

Monday, August 3, 2015
"The establishment process of the bill is hard to understand."

Japanese laws are created in the Diet of Japan. Anyone knows that. However, when it comes to "How they are created?"(rules and its procedure), it is not easy to explain.

In the first place, there are various tasks for the "business" of the National Diet other than "examination on the bill", those approvals to such as "budget" and "nomination of the Prime Minister" or "conclusion of a treaty", and resolutions including "motion of no confidence". These Business Processes resemble to each other, but there are also differences. For example, steps like "re-passed by the 60-day rule" which is told by the media on a daily basis recently does not exist in the procedure to determine the "budget".

The following is a "Process for examination on bills". The function of "Deemed rejection" (60 day rule) can be understood well.

By the way, in the "process" here, so-called "consensus-building process" of the parliamentary Steering Committee is not included. (Such things are too complex to write...)

[Bill Deliberation in the National Diet]

Although it is obvious if you take a look, deliberation is performed by the "bicameral" (House of Representatives, the House of Councilors).

And there are "committees" both in the House of Councillors and in the House of Representatives. Bills of 100 or so will be committed to the respective committee. Based on the examination results of the committee in each House, it will be voted again in Plenary conference.

The excellency of this Business Process Diagram is that it does not describe "all of the process that is possible" intentionally. For example, the Step of "X4. Deemed rejection (Article 59, Section 4) and re-vote" is only described in the Swimlane of the Houses of the Diet where a bill is deliberated first. However, institutionally, there is a possibility of "Deemed rejection" even if the House of Representatives has become "Secondary House (B Houses)". That is, the following progress can be considered;
  1. Approved in the House of Councillors
  2. Modified and Approved in the House of Representatives
  3. 60 days elapsed in the House of Councillors
  4. Re-voted in the House of Representatives

However, it will consume so much time in practice. In fact, it never happened in the history of the Diet. (Even the cases of "Deemed rejection against legislation approved in the House of Representatives at first, " were only five in the history, which are two in 1952, two in 2008, and one in 2013.)

I think it to myself again that Business Process Diagram (Workflow Chart) is a must to "explain an institution.

In the first place, it is unreasonable to try to explain just by texts (legal text). I can say that the more Business Process diagram is utilized in the world, the better people understand the system. For example, even if you read Chapter 6 of The Diet Law, nothing would come into your head. (Just like "Work regulations" of your company.)

I remember that I read in the "Research on Business Modeling for Business Optimization", which says that there is an advantage of "It clarifies the Act which is complemented by ministerial ordinance" as its conclusion.

By the way, when they import this Business Process Diagram into "Cloud-based BPM system", they will be able to understand the progress of deliberation on all bill. The required number of User licenses to be registered for the time being, it will be enough for "the Chairperson" and "the Chairperson of each committee". That will be about eighty seats together with the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors. It is only 800 USD per month if it is in Questetra.

Furthermore, suppose if luxury to have purchased license of all members, all of the Diet members will be able to see the bills, which is a "business data", at any time. (It will be only five thousand USD per month since they get volume discounting for more than 200 seats." (Lol!!)

[Bill Deliberation in the National Diet: 'a1. Registration of the Bill' screen]

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